Antique mirror recognition
Date of release:2019-01-19 Author: Click:
In the case of antique mirrors, we must first understand the type of mirrors and the era of mirrors, especially to find out the characteristics and laws of mirrors in different eras. The era of mirroring The era of mirroring, including two aspects, first, when did China start making antique mirrors? The second is the mirror of imitation in the mirror?
One opinion is that the bronze mirror antiques began from the Tang Dynasty. After the Song Dynasty, courts and folk antique mirrors prevailed, and mirrors of various styles were imitation. One view is that antique mirrors began in the Song Dynasty, and the Tang Dynasty did not imitate Han mirrors. The imitation Han mirrors began in the Song Dynasty. Another opinion is that Song does not imitate Chinese mirrors. Many Song-like Han mirrors that have been considered in the past are actually mirrors of the Ming Dynasty. Imitation Techniques There are generally three methods for aniping, that is, using the early mirror to directly flip the mold, using the stencil to simulate the mold and the splicing method.
The first method is simple and easy to make. The original mirror pattern, the inscription is clear, the lines are smooth, and the direct-turning mirror, although the mirror type is the same, but the pattern, the inscription are blurred, the lines are not smooth, and the board is stagnation. However, some real mirrors, due to the age, are not well-made, and the inscriptions and patterns are also blurred. In the case of the same mirror type, ornamentation and inscription, it is also necessary to pay attention to the copper of the bronze mirror and the thickness of the mirror body.
There are at least two cases in which the original mirror is used to model the mold. One is that the original mirror pattern and the inscription are imitation on the model. The bronze mirror is different in shape, but the inscription and ornamentation are similar. The second is that although the original mirror is used as the transcript, but the cast-in-the-shoulders have added carvings and inscriptions, the mirrors that have been cast have some inconsistencies with the era of inscriptions, such as the Chinese Mirror but the common inscriptions in the Ming Dynasty mirrors; Some shapes and patterns vary.
There is also a method of splicing mirrors: that is, sticking copper mirrors. When the bronze mirrors are unearthed, there are few intact ones, most of which are broken or defective. For the false ones, the broken pieces are welded and bonded into one whole, and the defects are In addition, it is filled with copper rust. Where the mirror surface is not smooth and there is green rust, it is a supplement. Types of Mirrors The types of Mirrors are different in each era. Even the same type of mirrors, the imitation of different eras has a focus.
Imitation mirror in the Tang Dynasty: Is there a mirror in the Tang Dynasty? There are still different opinions.
The mirror of the Song Dynasty: Some people think that Song does not imitate Han mirror, and some people think that Song has imitated Han mirror, but it is mainly like Tang mirror. According to the information currently seen, the Song Dynasty has indeed copied the Han and Tang dynasty bronze mirrors.
Han mirror: sun mirror, Zhaoming mirror, innocent mirror, portrait mirror, gauge mirror, dragon and tiger mirror.
Jin Dynasty imitation mirror: The Jin Dynasty mainly resembles the patterns of Han, Tang and Song mirrors.
Imitation Han Mirror: Nebula Mirror, Four Milk "Homely Rich" Mirror, Sunlight Mirror, Zhaoming Mirror, Rule Mirror, Four Animal Mirror, Portrait Mirror, Innocent Mirror, Dragon and Tiger Mirror.
Imitation Tang mirror: Sea beast grape mirror most.
Imitation Song mirror: flower mirror, gossip mirror, Huzhou no mirror.
The mirrors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China: The antique atmosphere is extremely prosperous, the court folks are imitation, and the mirrors of each period are imitation.
The imitation of the national mirror: daylight mirror, Zhaoming mirror, gauge mirror, disk dragon mirror, dragon tiger mirror, double phoenix mirror, portrait mirror, frog mirror.
Imitation Tang mirror: sea beast grape mirror, flower bird mirror, curved animal mirror.
Imitation Song Jinjing: character story mirror, Huzhou mirror, double fish mirror, inscription mirror.