The structural excess of the flat glass mirror industry in China is still serious

Date of release:2019-01-19 Author: Click:

China's flat antique mirror glass industry structural excess is still serious customs statistics, in the first half of 2011, Guangdong Province exported 8.268 million square meters of flat glass mirror, an increase of 57.5% over the same period last year (the same below); value of 32.09 million US dollars, an increase of 46.34 %; the average export price was 3.9 US dollars per square meter, down 7.1%. First, the main features of the export of flat glass mirrors in Guangdong Province in the first half of this year (1) The export volume maintained a rapid increase in June, and the average price rebounded at a low level.

Since October last year, the export of flat glass mirror glass in Guangdong Province has been increasing, and the monthly growth rate has been maintained at a rate of more than 2 digits per month. In particular, the monthly export volume has increased by more than 50% since February this year. In the month of the month, the export volume was 1.432 million square meters, up 55.7% year-on-year and 10.8% from the previous month. The average monthly export price has continued to decline since the beginning of this year. Among them, it fell back to the low point in March, and it was every square meter in June. 4.2 US dollars, up 1.6% year-on-year, up 11.7% from the previous month. (2) General trade dominated exports, and processing trade exports fell sharply. In the first half of the year, Guangdong Province exported 7.778 million square meters of flat antique mirror glass by general trade, an increase of 96.6%, accounting for 96.5% of the total export volume of flat glass mirrors in Guangdong Province (the same below); and exporting 283,000 square meters by processing trade. In addition, the import and export goods and other trade modes of the two districts and one warehouse storage and bonded supervision sites decreased by 13.14%, 15.08% and 89.51% respectively. (3) ASEAN is the largest export market and its exports to Africa have increased substantially. In the first half of the year, Guangdong Province exported 2.321 million square meters of flat antique mirror glass to ASEAN, an increase of 63.8%, accounting for 28.1%, of which exports to Thailand were 1.216 million square meters, compared with 49,000 square meters in the same period last year; exports to South Korea were 784,000 Square meters, a substantial increase of 88.4%.

In the same period, exports to Africa were 1.202 million square meters, an increase of 71.4%; exports to Latin America were 1.029 million square meters, an increase of 38.8%. In addition, the export to the EU was 325,000 square meters, and the contrarian trend was reduced by 37.4%. (4) Foreign-invested enterprises are still the largest exporters, and the export of private enterprises has doubled, which has narrowed the gap with foreign-invested enterprises. In the first half of the year, Guangdong's foreign-invested enterprises exported 4.341 million square meters of flat antique mirror glass, an increase of 22.1%, accounting for 52.5%; private enterprises exported 3.875 million square meters, a surge of 1.4 times, accounting for 46.9%.

Second, the main reason for the increase in the export volume of flat glass mirror glass in Guangdong Province in the first half of this year (I) The overcapacity in China still exists, and the export volume has increased rapidly. In 2010, 34 new flat-panel mirror glass production lines were added nationwide. 130 million weight boxes, the total production capacity has reached 890 million weight boxes; and from the second quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter, the production line to be put into production is 22, considering the elimination of outdated capacity of 26 million heavy boxes, the total capacity at the end of the year is still increased by 94 million weight boxes the amount. In May 2011, the output of flat antique mirror glass increased by 21.7%, accelerating by 3.8 percentage points. As of the end of June this year, there were 253 floating mirror antique mirror glass production lines in the country, with a daily melting capacity of 135,000 tons, an increase of 14.31% over the same period of last year. The production line was shut down, the actual daily melting capacity was 122,000 tons, up 13.23% year-on-year; the new ignition was 3,700 tons per day, and the inventory was 18.37 million weight boxes, up 12.8% year-on-year and 13.9% from the previous month. Overcapacity appeared and support exports continued. increase rapidly.

(2) The demand of domestic downstream industries is decreasing, and it is necessary to ease the inventory pressure through exports. In the first half of the year, the demand for downstream flat-panel antique mirror glass has slowed down. For example, with the introduction of real estate control measures such as “New Five”, the real estate market has some heat. In May, the national real estate development prosperity index was 103.20, a decrease of 1.87 points year-on-year. Since the beginning of this year, the growth rate of automobile production and sales has dropped month by month. The sales volume of automobiles in the first quarter was 4,498,800 units, an increase of 8.22% year-on-year; in the second quarter, it was 4,370,700 units. The year-on-year decline was 0.79%. The demand in the downstream industry has weakened, increasing the pressure on the digestive export of flat-panel antique mirror glass. In addition, the expansion of production capacity has led to increased competition in the industry, and the price of flat antique mirror glass has fallen. Third, the current Guangdong province flat antique mirror glass export and industry development have the following problems: First, the industrial layout is unreasonable, the homogeneity, repeated construction is serious, and the structural contradiction such as low precision processing is prominent. According to the goal of China's "medium- and long-term special plan for energy conservation", by 2012, the total use of public buildings and residential low-e antique mirror glass will reach 148 million square meters, and the average annual demand will increase by about 55%. At present, China's ultra-white float method There are only 5 antique mirror glass production lines with a production capacity of 14 million weight boxes. There are only 5 enterprises producing low-e antique mirror glass on the ultra-white float antique mirror glass. Last year, there was only 30 million square meters of supply. The supply situation will be out of line with demand, and the industrial structure is irrational.

Second, the price of raw materials rose and the price of finished products fell, and the profit margin was squeezed. Soda ash is one of the main raw materials for the production of flat antique mirror glass. However, the recent domestic energy-saving and emission reduction led to a shrinking production. At the same time, the demand in the international market improved and the US soda ash stocks fell to a low level, which drove the price of soda ash to rise sharply. In the middle of the month, the price of heavy oil in North China was 4,450 yuan per ton, up 9.8% year-on-year. The price of high-grade heavy soda ash in East China rose by 200 yuan per ton to 2,250 yuan per ton, up 45.16% year-on-year, 5.4% month-on-month, and light soda ash reached 2150 yuan per ton, up 59.26% year-on-year; coal prices continued to rise, Qinhuangdao 5500 closing price rose to 830 yuan per ton, up 9.2% year-on-year, up 3.1%. The sharp increase in raw material prices has reduced the profit margin of flat-panel antique mirror glass production enterprises. Under the background of falling export prices, a large number of enterprises will face operational difficulties. Third, the phenomenon of trade friction is frequent, and the threshold for the export of flat antique mirror glass and its products is raised.

Recently, the export of China's flat antique mirror glass products has been protected by trade in many countries. On October 23, 2010, Ukraine adopted the final safeguard measures for imported flat antique mirror glass, and imposed a special tariff of 31.25%. On March 1, 2011, the Brazilian government Decided to charge $1.70 per kilogram for antique mirror glass products imported from China; on March 25, 2011, South Korea decided to extend the anti-dumping duty period imposed on Chinese floating flat antique mirror glass for three years from October 2007. .

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