How to distinguish antique mirrors

Date of release:2019-01-19 Author: Click:

To identify antique mirrors, we must first understand the type of mirrors, the age of mirrors, and especially the characteristics and rules of mirrors.

The age of mirroring


The so-called era of mirroring has two aspects. First, when did China start to make antique mirrors? Second, which mirrors are copied in the mirror?


A certain opinion: the bronze mirror antique is from the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, the palace of the Song Dynasty, the folk antique mirror is popular, and the mirrors of various styles are imitation. A certain view: the antique mirror began in the Song Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty did not imitate the Han mirror, the imitation Han mirror began from the Song Dynasty. Another kind of opinion is that Song does not imitate Han Mirror, and many Song imitation Han Mirrors that I used to think are actually Ming dynasty mirrors.


Copy method


There are usually three ways to use a mirror, that is, to use a pre-mirror to directly flip the mold, a copy of the mold, and a splicing method.


The first method of the list is simple and the manufacturing is relatively simple. The original mirror pattern, the Ming civilization, the line circulation, and the direct conversion mirror, although the mirror type is the same, but usually the ornamentation, the inscription is vague, the lines are not circulating, it seems dull. However, some real mirrors, because of the age, manufacturing is not refined, inscriptions, patterns are also vague. In the case of mirrors, patterns, and inscriptions, you should also pay attention to the copper of the bronze mirror and the thickness of the mirror.


There are at least two cases in which the original mirror is used as the copy mode of the modulo mold. One is to completely follow the original mirror pattern and the inscription on the example. The bronze mirror cast is different, but the inscription and ornamentation are different. The second is that despite the original mirror as the transcript, but the cast-in-the-shoulders added carvings and inscriptions, the mirrors that were cast were inconsistent with the inscriptions, such as the Chinese mirror but the more common words in the Ming Dynasty mirror. Some shapes and patterns vary.


There is also a method of splicing mirrors: that is, sticking copper mirrors. When the bronze mirrors are unearthed, there are few intact ones. Most of them are broken or broken. For the false ones, the broken pieces are welded into one whole, and the broken parts are local. In addition, the use of copper rust, where the mirror is not smooth and there is green rust, the local is added.


Type of mirror


The types of imaginary mirrors are different in each age. Even the same type of mirrors have different points.


Imitation mirror in the Tang Dynasty: Is there a mirror in the Tang Dynasty? There are still different views.


The imitation mirror in the Song Dynasty: Some people think that Song does not imitate Han mirror, and some people think that Song has imitated Han mirror, but the first is to copy Tang mirror. According to the materials I have seen so far, the Song Dynasty has indeed copied the Han and Tang dynasty bronze mirrors.


Han mirror: sun mirror, Zhaoming mirror, white mirror, portrait mirror, regular mirror, dragon and tiger mirror.


Jin Dynasty Imitation Mirror: The Jin Dynasty is the first to imitate the pictures of Han, Tang and Song Mirror.


Imitation Han Mirror: Nebula Mirror, Four Milk "Homely Rich" Mirror, Sunlight Mirror, Zhaoming Mirror, Regular Mirror, Four Animal Mirror, Portrait Mirror, White Mirror, Dragon and Tiger Mirror.


Imitation Tang mirror: Sea beast grape mirror most.


Imitation Song mirror: flower mirror, gossip mirror, Huzhou no mirror.


During the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China, the mirrors were exquisite: the antiques were flourishing, the palaces were all imitation, and the mirrors of each period were imitation.


Imitation Warring States Mirror: Sunlight Mirror, Zhaoming Mirror, Regular Mirror, Panlong Mirror, Dragon Tiger Mirror, Double Phoenix Mirror, Portrait Mirror, and Mirror.


Imitation Tang mirror: sea beast grape mirror, flower bird mirror, curved animal mirror.


Imitation Song Jinjing: character story mirror, Huzhou mirror, double fish mirror, inscription mirror.


From the types of mirrors in the past years, the Han Dynasty's Sunlight, Zhaoming and other inscription mirrors, regular mirrors, portrait mirrors, dragon and tiger mirrors, the Tang Dynasty's sea beast grape mirror, the Swiss animal mirror, the flower and bird mirror, the Song Dynasty's Huzhou mirror, the gossip mirror Etc. is the main mirror class of later generation copies. In the meantime, the daylight and Zhaoming mirrors of the Han Dynasty were imitations. Clearing the mirrors of all ages, it is undoubtedly a key point for the identification of mirrors.


Different age bronze mirrors have different characteristics, which will be affected by the political, economic, thinking civilization and customs of the time. It is generally thought that although the mirror has the characteristics of a real mirror, it is not a product of that era. It must more or less reveal some characteristics of the era of the mirror.


Characteristics of imaginary mirrors of various ages


The copper is different. Because the Song Dynasty is the main change period of the Chinese copper mirror alloy composition, the tin content is obviously reduced, the lead content is increased, and the zinc share is also increased. Therefore, copper and color have changed. This should be a major aspect of distinguishing between antique mirrors and real mirrors.


Song imitation mirror texture is not as good as Han Tang mirror. Softer, brassy, yellowish red. Gold-like mirrors are usually slightly yellower than the mirror-like copper. Although the palace mirror in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is brassy, the yellow mirror in the yellow mirror is white, and the yellow mirror in the mirror is yellow.



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